In This Topic

Function list

In This Topic

This section lists and explains the functions that is shown in Insert Function dialog.

Function | Overview |
---|---|

ABS | Returns the absolute value of a specified number. |

ACCRINT | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest. |

ACCRINTM | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

ACOS | Returns the arccosine (=angle, 0-π, in radian) of a specified number. |

ACOSH | Returns the hyperbolic arccosine (= inverse function of hyperbolic cosine) of a specified number (= angle). |

ADDRESS | Returns the cell address of a specified column number and row number, as string. For example, it returns a string like "$C$2" for absolute reference, "R2C3" for R1C1, and "'Sheet2'!R2C3" for a cell address in another sheet. |

AMORDEGRC | Returns the depreciation cost for each accounting period, applying the depreciation coefficient. For French accounting system. |

AMORLINC | Returns the depreciation cost for each accounting period. For French accounting system. |

AND | Returns True (=1) if all arguments are true. Returns False (=0) if any argument is false. |

AREAS | Returns the number of areas in a specified range. |

ASC | Converts full-width (double-byte) alphanumeric and Kana characters to half-width (single-byte) characters. |

ASIN | Returns the arcsine (=angle, -π/2-π/2, in radian) of a specified number. |

ASINH | Returns the hyperbolic arcsine (= inverse function of hyperbolic sine) of a specified number. |

ATAN | Returns the arctangent (=angle, -π/2 - π/2, in radian) of a specified number. |

ATAN2 | Returns the arctangent (=angle, -π - π excluding -π, in radian) of specified x and y coordinates. |

ATANH | Returns the hyperbolic arctangent (= inverse function of hyperbolic tangent) of a specified number. |

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviation of individual values from the average of a specified data set. |

AVERAGE | Returns the average of a specified number. |

AVERAGEA | Returns the average of specified values (including number, string, and logical value). |

AVERAGEIF | Returns the average of the data which meets a specified condition among specified data. |

AVERAGEIFS | Returns the average of the data which meets specified several conditions among specified data. |

BESSELI | Returns the modified Bessel function value of the first kind for a pure imaginary number. |

BESSELJ | Returns the Bessel function value of the first kind. |

BESSELK | Returns the modified Bessel function value of the second kind for a pure imaginary number. |

BESSELY | Returns the Bessel function value of the second kind. |

BETADIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the cumulative β distribution function. |

BETAINV | Statistical function. Returns the inverse function value of the cumulative β distribution function. |

BIN2DEC | Converts a specified binary number to decimal. |

BIN2HEX | Converts a specified binary number to hexadecimal. |

BIN2OCT | Converts a specified binary number to octal. |

BINOMDIST | Statistical function. Returns the binomial distribution probability. |

CEILING | Returns a number rounded up to the nearest multiple of a specified significance. |

CHAR | Returns the character specified by a number (= character code). |

CHIDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the one-sided probability of the chi-squared distribution. |

CHIINV | Statistical function. Returns the inverse function value of the one-sided probability of the chi-squared distribution. |

CHITEST | Statistical function. Tests the independence from the chi-squared distribution and returns the result. |

CHOOSE | Selects one value from the specified list of values. |

CLEAN | Removes all nonprintable characters from the specified text. |

CODE | Returns a number (= character code) for the first character in the specified string. |

COLUMN | Returns the column number of the specified cell reference. |

COLUMNS | Returns the number of columns of the specified cell reference. |

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations when a specified number of items are selected. |

COMPLEX | Converts real and imaginary factors into a complex number. |

CONCATENATE | Joins specified strings into one string. |

CONFIDENCE | Statistical function. Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution. |

CONVERT | Converts the unit of a specified number. |

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient of specified two array data. |

COS | Returns the cosine of a specified angle. |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a specified number. |

COUNT | Returns the number of numbers in a specified array or values. |

COUNTA | Returns the number of data values (= number/text/logical value) in a specified array or values. |

COUNTBLANK | Returns the number of empty cells in a specified cell range. |

COUNTIF | Returns the total number of cells which meet a specified condition, in a specified cell range. |

COUNTIFS | Returns the total number of cells which meet specified conditions, in a specified cell range. |

COUPDAYBS | Returns the number of days from the beginning of a coupon period to its settlement date. |

COUPDAYS | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains a settlement date. |

COUPDAYSNC | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date. |

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date as number. |

COUPNUM | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and the maturity date. |

COUPPCD | Returns the coupon date immediately before the settlement date as number. |

COVAR | Statistical function. Returns the covariance (= average of the products of standard deviations for each data point pair in two data sets). |

CRITBINOM | Statistical function. Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value. |

CUMIPMT | Returns the cumulative interest paid on a loan between the specified start and end periods. |

CUMPRINC | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between the specified start and end periods. |

DATE | Returns a DateTime object representing the date specified by year, month, and date values. |

DATEDIF | Returns the number of days/months/years between specified two dates. |

DATEVALUE | Returns a DateTime object representing the date specified by a string. |

DAVERAGE | Returns the average value in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DAY | Returns the day value (1 - 31) in a data specified by year, month, and day values/string/DateTime object. |

DAYS360 | Returns the number of days between specified two dates based on the calculation method of a 360-day year (1 year = 30 days * 12 months). This calculation method is used in some accounting calculations like payment calculation. |

DB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the fixed-declining balance method. |

DBCS | Converts half-width (single-byte) characters in a string to full-width (double-byte) characters. |

DCOUNT | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DCOUNTA | Counts the nonblank cells in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the double-declining balance method. |

DEC2BIN | Converts a specified decimal number to binary. |

DEC2HEX | Converts a specified decimal number to hexadecimal. |

DEC2OCT | Converts a specified decimal number to octal. |

DEGREES | Converts a specified angle in radian to degrees. |

DELTA | Tests whether specified two values are equal (= true: 1) or not (= false: 0). |

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of squares of deviations of data points from the sample mean. |

DGET | Extracts a single value from a column of a specified list or database that matches specified conditions. |

DISC | Returns the discount rate of a security. |

DMAX | Returns the maximum value in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DMIN | Returns the minimum value in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DOLLAR | Rounds a specified number, inserts separators at specified digits, prepends a dollar sign ($), and returns the resulting string. |

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar value in fraction into decimal. |

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar value in decimal into fraction. |

DPRODUCT | Multiplies the specified field values in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DSTDEV | Calculates the standard deviation of a population based on a sample made up of the numbers in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DSTDEVP | Calculates the standard deviation of a population based on the entire population made up of the numbers in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DSUM | Returns the sum of the values in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DURATION | Returns the annual Macauley duration for an assumed par value of $100 of a security that pays periodic interest. |

DVAR | Calculates the variance of a population based on a sample made up of the numbers in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

DVARP | Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population made up of the numbers in a column of records in a specified list/database that match specified conditions. |

EDATE | Returns a DateTime object that represents the date that is the specified number of months before (-) or after (+) a specified start date (number/string/DateTime object). |

EFFECT | Returns the effective annual interest rate. |

EOMONTH | Returns a DateTime object that represents the last day of the month that is the specified number of months before (-) or after (+) a specified start date (number/string/DateTime object). |

ERF | Returns an integrated value of the error function. |

ERFC | Returns an integrated value of the complementary error function. |

ERROR.TYPE | Returns the number corresponding to an error value (for example, "=ERROR.TYPE(#VALUE!)" returns 3). |

EURO | Returns the value corresponding to one euro in the local currency of a country specified by a string (= ISO currency code). For example, "=EURO("ESP")" returns 166.39. ISO currency codes are 3-character codes, including Belgium: BEF, Luxembourg: LUF, Germany: DEM, Spain: ESP, France: FRF, Ireland: IEP, Italy: ITL, Netherlands: NLG, Austria: ATS, Portugal: PTE, Finland: FIM, and Euro member state: EUR. |

EUROCONVERT | Converts a specified number (= amount) from a local currency or euro to another local currency or euro. |

EVEN | Returns a number rounded up to the nearest even integer. |

EXACT | Determines whether specified two strings are "exactly equal or not" and returns True/False. |

EXP | Returns e (the base of the natural logarithm) raised to the power of a number (ex). EXP is the inverse function of LN. |

EXPONDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the exponential distribution function or the probability density function. |

FACT | Returns the factorial of a specified number. |

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the double factorial of a specified number. |

FALSE | Returns a logical value of False (= 0). |

FDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the (left side) F probability distribution function (= degree of diversity), using the cumulative distribution or probability density function. |

FIND | "Case sensitive search" (Use the SEARCH function for non-case sensitive search). Searches a target string for a specified search string from a specified position and returns the found position (= first start) if hit or an error value "#VALUE!" otherwise. |

FINV | Returns the inverse function value of the (right side) F probability density function. |

FISHER | Returns the value of the Fisher transformation. |

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse function value of the Fisher transformation. |

FIXED | Rounds a specified number, converts it into the format of specified digits and separators, and returns the resulting string. |

FLOOR | Mathematical/Trigonometric function. Returns a number rounded down to the nearest multiple of a specified significance. |

FORECAST | Predicts a future value by using existing values.* Note that this is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR in Excel 2016. |

FREQUENCY | Calculates the frequency distribution and returns the vertical array. |

FTEST | Statistical function. Returns the result of the F test. |

FV | Returns the future value of an investment. |

FVSCHEDULE | Returns the future value of an initial principal. |

GAMMADIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the gamma distribution function. |

GAMMAINV | Statistical function. Returns the inverse function value of the cumulative gamma distribution function. |

GAMMALN | Returns the natural logarithm of a value of the gamma function. |

GCD | Returns the greatest common divisor. |

GEOMEAN | Returns the geometric mean value. |

GESTEP | Tests whether a specified number is more than or equal to the threshold (= true: 1) or not (= false: 0). |

GROWTH | Returns a growth predicted from an exponential curve. |

HARMEAN | Returns the harmonic mean value. |

HEX2BIN | Converts a specified hexadecimal number to binary. |

HEX2DEC | Converts a specified hexadecimal number to decimal. |

HEX2OCT | Converts a specified hexadecimal number to octal. |

HLOOKUP | Searches a specified range for a data value that matches a search value column by column horizontally and returns the value of the cell at the specified "row" number in the matched "column". |

HOUR | Returns a value (0 - 23) that represents the "hour" component of a specified date and time (number/string/DateTime object/TimeSpan object). |

HYPGEOMDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the hypergeometric distribution function. |

IF | Returns a specified value depending on the result of a logical expression (True/False). |

IFERROR | Returns a specified value if a formula evaluates to an error, or the result of the formula otherwise. |

IFS | Tests whether one or more conditions are satisfied and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. This function is not available in Excel 2016 for Mac. |

IMABS | Returns the absolute value of a specified complex numbers. |

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of specified complex numbers. |

IMARGUMENT | Returns the argument in radian. |

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a specified complex numbers. |

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a specified complex number. |

IMDIV | Returns the quotient of specified two complex numbers. |

IMEXP | Returns the value of the exponential function of a specified complex numbers. |

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a specified complex number. |

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a specified complex number. |

IMLOG10 | Returns the common logarithm (= base-10 logarithm) of a specified complex number. |

IMPOWER | Returns the integer power of a specified complex numbers. |

IMPRODUCT | Returns the product of specified complex numbers. |

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of specified complex numbers. |

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a specified complex numbers. |

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a specified complex numbers. |

IMSUB | Returns the difference of specified two complex numbers. |

IMSUM | Returns the sum of specified complex numbers. |

INDEX | Returns the value of a cell determined by specified relative row and column positions, in an array/table. |

INT | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer. |

INTERCEPT | Returns the intercept of a regression line. |

INTRATE | Returns the interest rate of a fully invested security. |

IPMT | Returns the interest payment amount for a loan. |

IRR | Returns the internal rate of return based on a series of periodic cash flows. |

ISBLANK | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula is empty, or False otherwise. |

ISERR | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has an error value other than "#N/A" (= Not Available), or False otherwise. |

ISERROR | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has any error value, or False otherwise. |

ISEVEN | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has an even number, or False otherwise. |

ISLOGICAL | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has a Boolean value, or False otherwise. |

ISNA | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has an error value of "#N/A" (= Not Available), or False otherwise. |

ISNONTEXT | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has a value other than a string, or False otherwise. |

ISNUMBER | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has a number, or False otherwise. |

ISODD | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has an odd number, or False otherwise. |

ISREF | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula is a cell reference, or False otherwise. |

ISTEXT | Returns True if the target cell/value/formula has a string, or False otherwise. |

ISPMT | Returns the interest paid during a specified investment period. |

JIS | Converts half-width (single-byte) characters in a string to full-width (double-byte) characters. |

KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a specified data set. |

LARGE | Returns the n-th largest value in a specified data set. |

LCM | Returns the least common multiple. |

LEFT | Returns a substring in a target string that contains a specified number of characters from the left edge (i.e. from the beginning). |

LEN | Returns the number of characters in a target string. |

LENB | Returns the number of characters in a target string. |

LINEST | Returns an array of the statistic values for a regression line. |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a specified number. LN is the inverse function of EXP. |

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base. |

LOG10 | Returns the logarithm of a number to the base 10 (common logarithm). |

LOGEST | Returns an array of the statistic values for a regression exponential curve. |

LOGINV | Statistical function. Returns the inverse function value of the cumulative lognormal distribution function. |

LOGNORMDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the cumulative lognormal distribution function. |

LOOKUP | A lookup range and result range are specified with a single row or single column in a common size. This function searches the lookup range for a data value that matches the search value, and returns the value of a cell determined by the found column/row number, in the result range. |

LOWER | Converts all alphabetical characters in a target string to lowercase. |

MATCH | Search a specified range of one row or one column for a data value that matches the search value according to a specified match type, and returns the relative position of the found item as a number. |

MAX | Returns the maximum value from numbers in specified values or a specified array. |

MAXA | Returns the maximum value from data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values or a specified array. |

MAXIFS | Returns the maximum value in a cell specified by a condition set. |

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of an array. |

MDURATION | Returns the annual modified Macauley duration for an assumed par value of $100 of a security that pays periodic interest. |

MEDIAN | Returns the median of numbers in specified values or a specified array. |

MID | Extracts a substring that contains a specified number of characters from an arbitrary position in a target string. |

MIN | Returns the minimum value from numbers in specified values or a specified array. |

MINIFS | Returns the minimum value in a cell specified by a condition set. |

MINA | Returns the minimum value from data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values or a specified array. |

MINUTE | Returns a value (0 - 59) that represents the "minute" component of a specified date and time (number/string/DateTime object/TimeSpan object). |

MINVERSE | Returns the inverse matrix of a matrix. |

MIRR | Returns the modified internal rate of return based on a series of periodic cash flows. |

MMULT | Returns the matrix product of two arrays. |

MOD | Returns the remainder after division. |

MODE | Statistical function. Returns the mode value (= most frequently occurring value) in specified values or a specified array, as a number. |

MONTH | Returns the month value (1 - 12) in a data specified by year, month, and day values/string/DateTime object. |

MROUND | Rounds a specified number to a multiple of a specified number. |

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the multinomial of specified multiple numbers. |

N | Converts a value to a number. |

NA | Returns the error value of "#N/A" (= Not Available). |

NEGBINOMDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the negative binomial distribution probability function. |

NETWORKDAYS | Returns the total number of workdays (= days excluding Saturday, Sunday, and specified holidays) between start and end dates specified by numbers/DateTime objects. |

NOMINAL | Returns the nominal annual interest rate. |

NORMDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the cumulative normal distribution function. |

NORMINV | Returns the inverse function value of the cumulative normal distribution function. |

NORMSDIST | Statistical function. Returns the value of the cumulative standard normal distribution function. |

NORMSINV | Statistical function. Returns the inverse function value of the cumulative standard normal distribution function. |

NOT | Returns the inverted Boolean value (True/False) of an argument. That is, returns False (= 0) for True, and True (= 1) for False. |

NOW | Returns a DateTime object that represents the current date and time. |

NPER | Returns the number of periods (= number of payments) for an investment. |

NPV | Returns the net present value of an investment. |

OCT2BIN | Converts a specified octal number to binary. |

OCT2DEC | Converts a specified octal number to decimal. |

OCT2HEX | Converts a specified octal number to hexadecimal. |

ODD | Rounds up a specified number to the nearest odd number. |

ODDFPRICE | Returns the price per $100 par value of a security having an odd first period. |

ODDFYIELD | Returns the yield of a security having an odd first period. |

ODDLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 par value of a security having an odd last period. |

ODDLYIELD | Returns the yield of a security having an odd last period. |

OFFSET | Returns a reference (= offset reference) to a cell/cell range shifted by a specified number of rows and columns from a specified base cell/cell range. |

OR | Returns True (=1) if any argument is true. Returns False (=0) if every argument is false. |

PEARSON | Returns the value of the Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient. |

PERCENTILE | Statistical function. Returns the n-th percentile of values in a specific range. |

PERCENTRANK | Statistical function. Returns the rank of a value in an array as a percentage. |

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations when a specified number of items are selected from samples. |

PI | Returns "π" (pi). |

PMT | Returns the regular payment amount for a loan. |

POISSON | Statistical function. Returns the value of the Poisson probability. |

POWER | Returns the power of a specified number. |

PPMT | Returns the payment on a principal for a specified period. |

PRICE | Returns the price per $100 par value of a security that pays periodic interest. |

PRICEDISC | Returns the price per $100 par value for a discount security. |

PRICEMAT | Returns the price per $100 par value of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

PROB | Returns the probability that values in a specified range are between upper and lower limits. |

PRODUCT | Returns the product of numbers in specified values or a specified array. |

PROPER | Converts only the first characters of alphabetical words in a target string to uppercase. |

PV | Returns the present value of an investment. |

QUARTILE | Statistical function. Returns the quartile of data values in an array. |

QUOTIENT | Returns the integer part of the quotient of a division. |

RADIANS | Converts a specified angle in degrees to radian. |

RAND | Returns a random number greater than or equal to 0 and smaller than 1. |

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random integer number in a specified range. |

RANK | Statistical function. Returns the rank (= position) of a specified number in a specified list of numbers. |

RATE | Returns the interest rate of an investment. |

RECEIVED | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security. |

REPLACE | "String replacement by location" (Use the SUBSTITUTE function for string replacement by keyword). Returns a specified string after replacing a specified number of characters from a specified position with another string. |

REPT | Repeats a specified string a specified number of times. |

RIGHT | Returns a substring in a target string that contains a specified number of characters from the right edge (i.e. from the end). |

ROMAN | Converts an Arabic number to Roman and returns the result as a string. |

ROUND | Rounds off a specified number to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds down a specified number to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDUP | Rounds up a specified number to a specified number of digits. |

ROW | Returns the row number of the specified cell reference. |

ROWS | Returns the number of rows of the specified cell reference. |

RSQ | Returns the square value of the Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient. |

SEARCH | "Non-case sensitive search" (Use the FIND function for case sensitive search). Searches a target string or cell range for a specified search string and returns the found position (= first start) if hit or an error value "#VALUE!" otherwise. In the case of a cell range, this function indicates just the number of position, not the exact cell position. |

SECOND | Returns a value (0 - 59) that represents the "second" component of a specified date and time (number/string/DateTime object/TimeSpan object). |

SERIESSUM | Returns a power series. |

SIGN | Returns whether a specified number is positive or negative (= sign). |

SIN | Returns the sine of a specified angle. |

SINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a specified number. |

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution (= degree of asymmetry around the mean). |

SLN | Returns the depreciation of an asset for one period using the straight-line method. |

SLOPE | Returns the slope of a linear regression line. |

SMALL | Returns the n-th smallest value in specified data values. |

SQRT | Returns a positive square root. |

SQRTPI | Returns the square root of a specified number multiplied by pi. |

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value from a distribution determined by specified mean and standard deviation. |

STDEV | Statistical function. Returns the estimated standard deviation of a population based on a sample, supposing that specified numbers are a sample of a normal population. |

STDEVA | Returns the estimated standard deviation of a population based on a sample, supposing that data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values is a sample of a normal population. |

STDEVP | Statistical function. Returns the standard deviation of a population, supposing that specified numbers are an entire population. |

STDEVPA | Returns the standard deviation of a population, supposing that data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values is an entire population. |

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted value on a regression line. |

SUBSTITUTE | "String replacement by keyword" (Use the REPLACE function for string replacement by location). Returns a specified string after replacing a specified substring with another string. |

SUBTOTAL | Returns a subtotal. You can select an aggregation method, such as total, average, and count. |

SUM | Returns the total. |

SUMIF | Sums up the values of cells that satisfy a specified condition. |

SUMIFS | Sums up the values of cells that satisfy specified conditions. |

SUMPRODUCT | Sums up the products of corresponding elements in specified two arrays. |

SUMSQ | Returns the sum of squares (= square sum). |

SUMX2MY2 | Sums up the square differences of corresponding elements in specified two arrays. |

SUMX2PY2 | Sums up the square sums of corresponding elements in specified two arrays. |

SUMXMY2 | Sums up the squared differences of corresponding elements in specified two arrays. |

SWITCH | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result that corresponds to the first matching value. If no match is found, an optional default value is returned. This function is not available in Excel 2016 for Mac. |

SYD | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the sum-of-the-years' digits method. |

T | Converts a specified cell to a string. |

TAN | Returns the tangent of a specified angle. |

TANH | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a specified number. |

TBILLEQ | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury Bill (TB). |

TBILLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 par value for a Treasury Bill (TB). |

TBILLYIELD | Returns the yield for a Treasury Bill (TB). |

TDIST | Statistical function. Returns the probability of the Student's t distribution. |

TEXT | Converts a target number to a string of a specified format. |

TIME | Returns a TimeSpan object representing the time specified by hour, minute, and second values. |

TIMEVALUE | Returns a TimeSpan object representing the time specified by a string. |

TINV | Returns the inverse function value of the Student's t distribution. |

TODAY | Returns a DateTime object that represents the current date. |

TRANSPOSE | Returns an array made by swapping rows and columns in a specified cell range. |

TREND | Returns an array of predicted values on a regression line. |

TRIM | Removes all spaces from a specified string except for single spaces between words. |

TRIMMEAN | Returns the average of middle data values which excludes upper and lower data values in a data set. |

TRUE | Returns a logical value of True (= 1). |

TRUNC | Truncates a number by removing the fractional part of it. |

TTEST | Statistical function. Returns the result of the Student's t-test. |

TYPE | Returns the data type of a value (1 = Number/DateTime/TimeSpan, 2 = Text, 4 = Boolean, 16 = Error, 64 = Array). |

UPPER | Converts all alphabetical characters in a target string to uppercase. |

VALUE | Converts a specified string (that represents a number) to a number. |

VAR | Statistical function. Returns the estimated variance (= unbiased variance) of a population based on a sample, supposing that a set of numbers in a specified array or values is a sample of a normal population. |

VARA | Returns the estimated variance (= unbiased variance) of a population based on a sample, supposing that data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values is a sample of a normal population. |

VARP | Statistical function. Returns the variance (= sample variance) of a population, supposing that a set of numbers in a specified array or values is an entire population. |

VARPA | Returns the variance (= sample variance) of a population, supposing that data (= number/text/logical value) in specified values is an entire population. |

VDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for any specified period using the double-declining balance method. |

VLOOKUP | Searches a specified range for a data value that matches a search value row by row vertically and returns the value of the cell at the specified "column" number in the matched "row". |

WEEKDAY | Returns the day of the week for a date specified by a number/string/DateTime object. |

WEEKNUM | Returns the week number in a year for a date specified by a number/string/DateTime object. |

WEIBULL | Statistical function. Returns the value of the Weibull distribution. |

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the value of the Weibull distribution. |

WORKDAY | Returns the total number of workdays (= days excluding Saturday, Sunday, and specified holidays) to the date that is the specified number of days before (-) or after (+) a specified start date (number/DateTime object). |

WORKDAY.INTL | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays from a start date using a parameter that indicates which and how many days are weekend days. |

XIRR | Returns the internal rate of return based on an irregular cash flow. |

XNPV | Returns the net present value based on an irregular cash flow. |

YEAR | Returns the year value in a data specified by year, month, and day values/string/DateTime object. |

YEARFRAC | Returns the percentage of the number of days in a year, for a period between start and end dates specified by DateTime objects. |

YIELD | Returns the yield of a security that pays periodic interest. |

YIELDDISC | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security such as the Treasury Bill (TB). |

YIELDMAT | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

ZTEST | Statistical function. Returns the result of the z test. |

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